Table 2—

Clinical data: potentially confounding risk factors by ethnicity

Risk factors comparisonSouth AsianWhite EuropeanP (t test)
n421492
Attained age60.6 ± 11.267.5 ± 11.6<0.0001
Duration of diabetes (years)7.6 ± 7.38.8 ± 5.7<0.0001
Age at diagnosis (years)53.0 ± 12.058.6 ± 12.3<0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)144.1 ± 20.8137.0 ± 18.7<0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)84.2 ± 11.574.3 ± 10.3<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.5 ± 1.24.2 ± 1.1<0.0001
A1C (%)7.9 ± 1.67.5 ± 1.6<0.0001
Plasma creatinine (μmol/l)101.5 ± 26.8114.5 ± 38.9<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD. No. of individuals with missing data: 1, attained age; 19, duration of diabetes; 13, systolic blood pressure; 22, diastolic blood pressure; 13, total cholesterol; 11, A1C; and 13, plasma creatinine.