Table 1—

Characteristics of study participants

WomenMen
n1,4211,505
Age (years)51 ± 948 ± 10
BMI (kg/m2)27.0 ± 5.928.3 ± 4.5
Waist circumference (cm)93 ± 15100 ± 12
Postmenopausal (%)46.2
Hormone replacement therapy (%)22.9
Education (%)
    ≤11th grade0.81.6
    High school or equivalent degree22.817.9
    College grade/trade school33.227.0
    College grade/postgraduate43.153.4
DGAI score*10.0 ± 2.68.5 ± 2.6
PAI score37 ± 638 ± 8
Smoking (%)
    Current12.313.0
    Former41.634.2
    Never46.152.8
Smoking (pack-years)
    Current2628
    Former1319
Alcohol (drinks/week, %)
    029.719.3
    <19.94.7
    1 to <428.819.8
    4–716.820.1
    >7–1411.320.7
    ≥143.615.4
SAT (cm3)3,137 ± 1,5482,620 ± 1,212
VAT (cm3)1,308 ± 8132,160 ± 969
  • Data are means ± SD for continuous variables or percent for dichotomous and categorical variables.

  • *

    * Data only available for Offspring cohort (n = 925); scores range from 0–20 to points.

  • Scores range from 24 to 120 points.

  • One drink is equivalent to 12 g of alcohol.