Table 2

HRs (95% CI) for all-cause mortality according to exercise capacity

HR (95% CI)P
All (n = 3,148)
    Peak exercise capacity (for each 1-MET increment)0.79 (0.76–0.82)<0.001
    Adjusted for age and BMI0.82 (0.79–0.86)<0.001
    Adjusted for age, BMI, cardiovascular risk factors, CVD, and cardiovascular medications0.84 (0.81–0.87)<0.001
African Americans (n = 1,703)
    Peak exercise capacity (for each 1-MET increment)0.80 (0.76–0.84)<0.001
    Adjusted for age and BMI0.85 (0.93–0.96)<0.001
    Adjusted age, BMI, cardiovascular risk factors, CVD, and cardiovascular medications0.86 (0.82–0.90)<0.001
Caucasians (n = 1,445)
Peak exercise capacity (for each 1-MET increment)0.77 (0.73–0.82)<0.001
    Adjusted for age and BMI0.81 (0.76–0.85)<0.001
    Adjusted age, BMI, cardiovascular risk factors, CVD, and cardiovascular medications0.81 (0.77–0.86)<0.001
  • *Cardiovascular risk factors include hypertension, dyslipidemia, and smoking.

  • †Cardiovascular medications include ACE inhibitors, β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, insulin, aspirin, and statins.