Table 2

Adjusted ORs with 95% CI for predictors of diabetes preventive care among U.S. adults

A1C screening*LDL screeningFlu vaccinationBlood pressure check§Foot examinationDilated eye examinationRoutine check-up#
Health insurance/USC
    Yes INS/Yes USC1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Yes INS/No USC0.22 (0.12–0.40)**0.27 (0.16–0.46)**0.47 (0.30–0.74)**0.17 (0.08–0.38)**0.41 (0.28–0.61)**0.96 (0.65–1.43)0.34 (0.21–0.55)**
    No INS/Yes USC0.48 (0.36–0.64)**0.41 (0.31–0.56)**0.73 (0.58–0.91)**0.42 (0.25–0.72)**0.83 (0.68–1.02)0.84 (0.67–1.07)0.43 (0.33–0.56)**
    No INS/No USC0.23 (0.14–0.38)**0.15 (0.10–0.24)**0.27 (0.15–0.46)**0.08 (0.05–0.15)**0.25 (0.17–0.37)**0.61 (0.40–0.92)**0.17 (0.11–0.25)**
Age-group (years)
    ≥651.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    45–641.25 (0.95–1.65)0.69 (0.53–0.91)**0.46 (0.38–0.55)**1.01 (0.60–1.70)0.99 (0.82–1.20)0.85 (0.74–0.98)**0.93 (0.73–1.19)
    18–440.80 (0.56–1.16)0.23 (0.16–0.33)**0.27 (0.20–0.35)**0.70 (0.39–1.26)0.73 (0.57–0.92)**0.66 (0.52–0.83)**0.49 (0.36–0.68)**
Race/ethnicity
    White not Hispanic1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Hispanic, any race0.89 (0.67–1.17)1.05 (0.75–1.47)0.77 (0.59–0.99)**0.93 (0.52–1.67)0.95 (0.76–1.19)1.16 (0.96–1.40)1.32 (0.99–1.75)
    Non-white, non-Hispanic0.78 (0.60–1.02)0.98 (0.76–1.27)0.58 (0.48–0.71)**0.81 (0.50–1.31)0.96 (0.80–1.14)1.24 (1.05–1.47)1.17 (0.91–1.51)
Employment
    Employed1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Not employed1.12 (0.86–1.44)0.95 (0.75–1.21)1.39 (1.16–1.68)**1.18 (0.77–1.83)0.97 (0.81–1.16)1.15 (0.97–1.35)0.94 (0.76–1.17)
Geographic residence
    Northeast1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Midwest1.25 (0.86–1.80)0.61 (0.42–0.89)**0.82 (0.66–1.02)0.66 (0.28–1.52)1.04 (0.80–1.34)0.92 (0.74–1.16)0.41 (0.27–0.61)**
    South1.08 (0.79–1.49)0.71 (0.50–1.00)0.71 (0.59–0.84)**0.83 (0.38–1.83)0.94 (0.76–1.15)0.94 (0.77–1.13)0.48 (0.34–0.69)**
    West0.89 (0.63–1.26)0.50 (0.33–0.77)**0.95 (0.77–1.16)0.46 (0.20–1.06)0.91 (0.70–1.18)0.74 (0.60–0.93)**0.34 (0.23–0.52)**
Residence location††
    MSA1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Non-MSA1.16 (0.86–1.58)0.76 (0.58–1.01)1.14 (0.94–1.39)1.06 (0.64–1.74)0.75 (0.64–0.89)**0.99 (0.83–1.18)0.89 (0.65–1.24)
Education
    Not a high school  graduate1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    High school graduate0.76 (0.59–0.98)**0.83 (0.65–1.07)0.84 (0.71–1.00)0.93 (0.60–1.44)0.84 (0.70–1.01)0.94 (0.81–1.09)0.81 (0.65–1.00)
Household income††
    High income1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Middle income0.84 (0.63–1.13)0.83 (0.61–1.12)0.85 (0.70–1.04)0.96 (0.59–1.56)0.81 (0.66–0.98)**0.92 (0.77–1.11)0.70 (0.54–0.90)**
    Low income0.69 (0.49–0.98)**0.72 (0.51–1.02)0.88 (0.71–1.08)0.81 (0.45–1.45)0.80 (0.62–1.04)0.97 (0.79–1.20)0.79 (0.61–1.04)
    Near poor0.80 (0.49–1.31)0.52 (0.32–0.86)**0.73 (0.53–0.99)**0.55 (0.23–1.30)0.66 (0.49–0.88)**1.00 (0.76–1.32)0.63 (0.43–0.92)**
    Poor0.61 (0.43–0.88)**0.62 (0.43–0.89)**0.70 (0.55–0.88)**0.80 (0.43–1.48)0.81 (0.63–1.04)1.22 (0.99–1.51)0.80 (0.57–1.12)
Health status
    Excellent/very good1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Good1.59 (1.19–2.14)**1.23 (0.92–1.66)0.99 (0.83–1.18)1.58 (0.98–2.56)1.18 (0.97–1.43)1.19 (1.00–1.41)0.98 (0.74–1.28)
    Fair/poor1.47 (1.13–1.91)**1.17 (0.85–1.61)1.16 (0.96–1.40)1.65 (0.99–2.73)1.28 (1.06–1.54)1.79 (1.49–2.15)**0.85 (0.64–1.13)
  • Data are adjusted ORs (95% CI).

  • *Respondent reported receiving A1C screening within the past year.

  • †Respondent reported having LDL cholesterol screening within the past year.

  • ‡Respondent reported receiving influenza vaccination within the past year.

  • §Respondent reported having their blood pressure checked within the past year.

  • ‖Respondent reported having his or her feet checked for sores by a health care provider within the past year.

  • ¶Respondent reported having a dilated diabetic eye examination within the past year.

  • #Respondent reported having a routine check-up within the past year.

  • **Statistically significant (P < 0.05) OR. ORs are adjusted for all other variables in the table.

  • ††As a percentage of the FPL. MSA, Metropolitan Statistical Area.