Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the women

Low–glycemic index groupHigh–glycemic index groupP value*
n3132
Age (years)30.8 ± 0.731.3 ± 0.80.68
Weight at enrollment (kg)83.1 ± 3.286.9 ± 3.60.43
BMI at enrollment (kg/m2)32.0 ± 1.232.8 ± 1.40.68
Parity0.84 ± 0.170.78 ± 0.180.82
Oral glucose tolerance test (mmol/l)
    Fasting glucose4.6 ± 0.14.7 ± 0.10.49
    2-h glucose8.4 ± 0.28.4 ± 0.10.83
Gestational age at entry to study (weeks)30.3 ± 0.229.9 ± 0.20.23
  • Data are means ± SEM.

  • *Comparison of the low–glycemic index group with the high–glycemic index group, independent samplest test.

  • †2-h, 75-g glucose load.