Table 1

Descriptive characteristics of participants at baseline and follow-up

Men
Women
BaselineFollow-upBaselineFollow-up
n81111
Weight (kg)89.6 ± 15.490.3 ± 16.173.3 ± 13.973.6 ± 14.3***
Height (cm)177.9 ± 6.3177.7 ± 6.4163.5 ± 6.2163.3 ± 5.8***
BMI (kg/m2)28.3 ± 4.528.5 ± 4.727.5 ± 5.027.7 ± 5.2
Fat mass (kg)23.8 ± 8.324.5 ± 8.925.9 ± 9.726.2 ± 10.0***
FFM (kg)65.9 ± 8.865.8 ± 8.647.4 ± 5.847.4 ± 5.9***
Waist circumference (cm)101.3 ± 11.6101.6 ± 12.288.8 ± 11.289.4 ± 11.9***
Glucose5.0 ± 0.85.1 ± 1.14.8 ± 0.54.9 ± 0.5**
Insulin (pmol/l)56.3 (49.8–62.3)63.1 (56.9–70.0)48.1 (41.2–55.2)48.6 (41.5–55.5)***
HOMA1.79 (1.56–2.02)2.04 (1.84–2.24)1.46 (1.24–1.68)1.50 (1.29–1.82)***
Sedentary (min/day)452 ± 84435 ± 89419 ± 85418 ± 87**
Light (min/day)297 ± 77302 ± 81321 ± 70310 ± 74*
MVPA (min/day)29 ± 1630 ± 1825 ± 1729 ± 21
TV and video (h/week)16.8 ± 9.014.8 ± 8.120.7 ± 9.818.7 ± 9.4***
Current smokers (%)21.016.0**16.213.6**††
  • Data are means ± SD, geometric means (95% CI), or χ2 for time and sex differences.n = 192. ANOVA for between-sex differences:

  • *P < 0.05;

  • **P < 0.01;

  • ***P < 0.001; ANOVA for between-time differences:

  • P < 0.05;

  • ††P < 0.01.