Table 1

Characteristics of subjects by sex

MenWomenP
n213221NA
Age (years)43 ± 1442 ± 140.569
BMI (kg/m2)22.1 ± 1.721.5 ± 1.70.001*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)117 ± 10111 ± 13<0.001*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76 ± 671 ± 8<0.001*
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)174 ± 31178 ± 350.171
Triglycerides (mg/dl)93 ± 3287 ± 32.80.038*
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)57 ± 14.364 ± 15.9<0.001*
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)105 ± 29.0104 ± 35.20.854
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)86.4 ± 7.786 ± 7.90.682
OGTT 30-min plasma glucose (mg/dl)145 ± 29.3134.1 ± 26.1<0.001*
OGTT 1-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)124 ± 38.5118.1 ± 33.80.084
OGTT 2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)94 ± 21.198.1 ± 19.30.061
OGTT 3-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)71 ± 15.874.4 ± 16.80.045*
MBG (mg/dl)
    24 h104 ± 10.8103.9 ± 9.90.854
    Daytime106 ± 11.5106.6 ± 11.20.853
    Nighttime99 ± 11.998.3 ± 10.60.518
Percentage of time at glycemia (%)
    Blood glucose ≥140 mg/dl4.2 ± 5.94.0 ± 5.70.612
    70 < blood glucose < 140 mg/dl93 ± 894 ± 70.550
    Blood glucose ≤70 mg/dl2.7 ± 6.12.1 ± 4.40.987
Area under the curve for blood glucose >100 mg/dl (mg · dl−1 · day−1)10.1 ± 6.89.5 ± 6.50.471
SD of blood glucose (mg/dl)14.2 ± 5.914.2 ± 5.80.928
Max blood glucose (mg/dl)144.2 ± 23.8144.2 ± 22.90.972
Min blood glucose (mg/dl)77.2 ± 11.976.5 ± 11.00.754
  • Data are mean ± SD.

  • *Significant difference between men and women (P < 0.05). NA, not applicable.