Table 2

Sex-specific partial correlation coefficients of observed body fat components, estimated percent body fat, and antioxidant markers at year 15 with F2Isop and oxLDL

Adiposity and oxidative stress markersF2Isop
oxLDL
nWomennMennWomennMen
BMI (kg/m2)*1,5090.431,2600.151,4180.251,1840.23
Waist circumference (cm)*1,5060.401,2590.161,4160.311,1830.26
Estimated body fat (%)1,5060.411,2580.161,4160.281,1820.26
Sum of five carotenoids (μ/dl)*§1,438−0.401,196−0.271,382−0.021,139−0.06
Ascorbic acids (μg/dl)*1,255−0.221,067−0.241,206−0.051,0170.004
α-Tocopherol (μg/dl)*§1,438−0.291,196−0.301,3820.021,139−0.009
γ-Tocopherol (μg/dl)*§1,4380.271,1960.231,3820.031,139−0.03
F2Isop (μg/dl)*1,51311,26111,4190.091,185−0.003
  • *All models were adjusted for age and race.

  • P > 0.05.

  • ‡Based on race-/sex-specific prediction from BMI, waist circumference, and age; see research design and methods.

  • §Additional adjustment for year 15 HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides (25).

  • ‖Sum of five carotenoids: α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein/zeaxanthin, and lycopene.