Table 1

Clinical characteristics of the study population

Middle-aged patientsOlder patientsP
n1313
Sex (female/male)6/75/80.69
Age (years)51 ± 270 ± 1<0.001
Diabetes duration (years)5 ± 112 ± 20.008
A1C (%)7.4 ± 47.4 ± 20.97
BMI (kg/m2)27 ± 127 ± 11.00
Diabetes therapy
        Diet alone320.62
        Metformin790.42
        Sulfonurea230.62
        Insulin670.70
        Insulin dose (units · kg−1 · day−1)0.20 ± 0.070.26 ± 0.070.92
  • Data are means ± SE and prevalences. P values derive from χ2 or Student's t test.