Table 2

Change in fitness measures after intervention

Δ for AT subjectsΔ for NA subjectsP (time × group)P (time × group × sex)
Weight (kg)+0.082 ± 0.732+0.140 ± 0.3640.9420.103
BMI (kg/m2)−0.23 ± 0.28+0.05 ± 0.170.3960.137
Waist-to-hip ratio−0.002 ± 0.0070.002 ± 0.0110.7860.854
SBP (mmHg)−10 ± 5−2 ± 30.1710.567
DBP (mmHg)−5 ± 2−1 ± 20.0910.396
MAP (mmHg)−7 ± 3−1 ± 30.0780.906
Heart rate (bpm)−5.4 ± 2.7−0.4 ± 1.10.0730.103
Fasting blood glucose (mEq)−0.8 ± 0.3−0.1 ± 0.20.0980.698
  • Data are means ± SEM. Changes in measures of fitness for aerobically trained (AT) and untrained (NA) subjects are shown. None of these measures showed a significant training effect (time × group) because our study was only powered to find an effect for our three primary outcomes. There was also no significant interaction of gender (time × group × sex) with the effects of training.