Table 1

Characteristics of the study population

nPatients with ulcerPatients without ulcerP
n310170140
Type 1/type 2 diabetes (n)31013/15723/1170.02
Age (years)31067 (59; 75)62 (52; 69)<0.0001
Sex (male/female)310100/7076/64NS
BMI (kg/m2)29429.3 ± 6.629.9 ± 5.4NS
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)264134 ± 19142 ± 220.003
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)26473 ± 1078 ± 100.0005
Hypertension (%)3089175<0.0001
Cholesterol (mmol/l)2894.86 ± 1.295.38 ± 1.090.0007
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2781.19 ± 0.391.29 ± 0.410.024
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2782.95 ± 1.093.18 ± 0.93NS
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2901.67 (1.19; 2.17)1.79 (1.09; 2.56)NS
Hyperlipidemia (%)3057880NS
A1C (%)3017.64 ± 1.588.27 ± 1.580.0006
History of diabetes complications
    Neuropathy (%)3078854<0.0001
    PAD (%)307669<0.0001
    Retinopathy (%)3087416<0.0001
    Nephropathy (%)3056733<0.0001
    Coronary heart disease (%)3063919<0.0001
Diabetes therapy303<0.0001
    Diet only (%)59
    OAD (%)2048
    OAD + insulin (%)84
    Insulin (%)6739
  • Data are absolute numbers, proportions, means ± SD, or medians (25th percentile; 75th percentile). OAD, oral antidiabetes drug.