Table 1

Diabetes prevalence by BMI standard and OR (95% CI) for diabetes by ethnic group

nDiabetes prevalence
OR (95% CI)
Normal weight
Overweight
Obese
Model 1*Model 2Model 3Model 4§
General: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2WHO: 18.5–22.9 kg/m2General: 25.0–29.9 kg/m2WHO: 23.0–27.4 kg/m2General: ≥30.0 kg/m2WHO: ≥27.5 kg/m2
White140,2912.4 ± 0.12.2 ± 0.14.2 ± 0.13.1 ± 0.110.8 ± 0.28.7 ± 0.11.01.01.01.0
Asian Indian1,3576.8 ± 1.56.5 ± 1.98.8 ± 1.88.3 ± 1.732.9 ± 4.419.4 ± 3.52.0 (1.5–2.6)3.1 (2.4–4.0)3.0 (2.0–4.5)3.5 (1.9–6.6)
Chinese1,5102.7 ± 0.62.2 ± 0.75.2 ± 1.53.8 ± 0.816.8 ± 4.311.2 ± 3.20.8 (0.6–1.2)1.5 (1.1–2.1)1.6 (1.0–2.4)2.3 (1.1–4.5)
Filipino1,4854.4 ± 0.95.9 ± 3.76.2 ± 1.13.7 ± 0.710.9 ± 3.011.3 ± 2.01.2 (0.9–1.5)1.6 (1.3–2.2)1.6 (1.1–2.5)2.2 (1.2–4.0)
Other Asian3,0623.3 ± 0.52.7 ± 0.55.2 ± 0.84.1 ± 0.611.7 ± 2.89.0 ± 1.70.8 (0.7–1.0)1.3 (1.0–1.7)1.3 (1.0–1.7)1.3 (0.8–2.2)
  • Data are prevalence estimates age and sex standardized to the 2000 U.S. population ± SEM unless otherwise indicated. Adjusted for

  • *sex and age (continuous),

  • †model 1 + BMI (continuous),

  • ‡model 2 + education and poverty income ratio, and

  • §model 3 + physical activity, smoking, and alcohol drinking status.