Table 1

Clinical characteristics of patients

Type 2 diabetic patients
n121
Variables
    Age (years)78 ± 6.7
    Male/female sex46/76
    BMI (kg/m2)27.1 ± 0.8
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)145 ± 6.1
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)85 ± 3.8
    Diabetes duration (years)7.8 ± 3.1
Risk factors
    Hypertension30 (25)
    Hypercholesterolemia13 (11)
    Smokers13 (11)
    Previous CVD38 (24)
Metabolic profile
    Fasting glycemia (mg/dl)153 ± 10.3
    2-h PPG (mg/dl)198 ± 27.4
    A1C (%)7.9 ± 0.3
    MAGE (mg/dl glucose)71 ± 19
    Fasting insulin (pmol/l)170 ± 55
    Postmeal insulin (pmol/l)398 ± 109
Cognitive function
    MMSE26.1 ± 1.3
    TMT-A (s)83 ± 34
    TMT-B (s)187 ± 85
    DIFF B-A (s)103 ± 35
    DSP-Backward7.06 ± 1.76
    DSP-Forward5.83 ± 0.74
    Verbal fluency25.7 ± 4.49
    Intimal-media thickness (mm)0.77 ± 0.2
  • Data are means ± SD, n, or n (%).