Table 1

Multivariable Cox regression analysis for all-cause, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular mortality in 3,468 hypertensive patients

All-causeCardiovascularNoncardiovascular
Number of events324145179
Smoking1.76 (1.29–2.39)*1.89 (1.19–3.01)1.68 (1.12–2.52)
24-h systolic blood pressure1.35 (1.21–1.51)*1.44 (1.22–1.71)*1.28 (1.10–1.50)
Diabetes1.87 (1.38–2.55)*1.69 (1.06–2.69)2.03 (1.35–3.06)*
Age1.09 (1.08–1.11)*1.10 (1.08–1.12)*1.09 (1.07–1.11)*
Male sex1.93 (1.52–2.46)*1.27 (0.88–1.82)NS2.70 (1.95–3.75)*
  • Data are hazard ratios and 95% CIs associated with smoking and diabetes (coded as 1 if yes and 0 if no), 1 SD higher blood pressure, 1 year of age, and male sex (men = 1 and women = 0); total cholesterol, antihypertensive treatment, and BMI are not significant.

  • *P ≤ 0.001;

  • P ≤ 0.01;

  • P ≤ 0.05.