Table 2—

Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes

1.FPG ≥126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l). Fasting is defined as no caloric intake for at least 8 h.*
OR
2.Symptoms of hyperglycemia and a casual (random) plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l). Casual (random) is defined as any time of day without regard to time since last meal. The classic symptoms of hyperglycemia include polyuria, polydipsia, and unexplained weight loss.
OR
3.2-h plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) during an OGTT. The test should be performed as described by the World Health Organization using a glucose load containing the equivalent of 75-g anhydrous glucose dissolved in water.*
  • *

    * In the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia, these criteria should be confirmed by repeat testing on a different day (5).