Table 2—

Behavioral characteristics of youth with type 1 or type 2 diabetes: the SEARCH study prevalent 2001 and incident 2002–2005 case subjects aged ≥10 years

Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
P
10–14≥15P*10–14≥15P
Smoking<0.00010.0079<0.0001
    Never1,143 (93.5)531 (57.2)32 (78)31 (47.7)
    Former60 (4.9)227 (24.5)5 (12.2)17 (26.2)
    Current19 (1.6)170 (18.3)4 (9.8)17 (26.2)
Physically active0.00030.65700.0300
    0–2 days/week431 (35.2)398 (42.8)19 (46.3)33 (50.8)
    3–7 days/week792 (64.8)531 (57.2)22 (53.7)32 (49.2)
% Kcal from fat
    Total fat37.8 ± 5.938.3 ± 5.90.043339.1 ± 7.539.8 ± 5.40.61690.0194
    Saturated fat13.7 ± 2.313.8 ± 2.40.330913.8 ± 2.614.5 ± 2.20.22190.0809
Fruits, vegetables servings/day2.7 ± 1.83.1 ± 2.1<0.00013.2 ± 32.5 ± 1.60.16650.7192
High CES-D score (≥24)65 (5.3)66 (7.1)0.08529 (22)11 (17.5)0.5701<0.0001
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • *

    * For categorical variables using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and age-groups within type 1 diabetes; for continuous variables using ANOVA for the overall effect of age-group within type 1 diabetes; for adjusted variables using logistic regression (categorical variables) or linear regression (continuous variables) for the overall effect of age-group within type 1 diabetes.

  • For categorical variables using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and age-groups within type 2 diabetes; for continuous variables using ANOVA for the overall effect of age-group within type 2 diabetes; for adjusted variables using logistic regression (categorical variables) or linear regression (continuous variables) for the overall effect of age-group within type 2 diabetes.

  • For categorical variables using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and diabetes type (type 1 versus type 2); for continuous variables using ANOVA for the overall effect of diabetes type (type 1 versus type 2); for adjusted variables using logistic regression (categorical variables) or linear regression (continuous variables) for the overall effect of diabetes type (type 1 versus type 2). CES-D, Centers for Epidemiologic Study Depression Scale.