Table 2—

Behavioral and psychosocial characteristics of African American youth with diabetes, according to current age*: the SEARCH study, cases from 2001 (prevalent) and 2002–2005 (incident)

Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
10–14 years≥15 yearsP10–14 years≥15 yearsP
n (%)§162 (59)113 (41)0.003181 (38)131 (62)0.0006
CES-D score (means ± SD)12.9 ± 8.811.0 ± 8.30.100312.9 ± 8.215.3 ± 100.1085
High CES-D score (% ≥24)11.610.40.76399.917.40.1578
Smoking (% current)012.4<0.00014.2130.0481
Diet
    Percent total kcal from total fat (means ± SD)39.3 ± 6.039.6 ± 5.90.738539.4 ± 6.337.6 ± 6.60.0736
    Percent total kcal from saturated fat (means ± SD)13.8 ± 2.313.9 ± 2.40.690213.8 ± 2.513.3 ± 2.50.1756
    Percent with ≥10% of kcal from saturated fat96.796.70.985596.887.90.0482
    Percent with ≥7% of kcal from saturated fat100100NA100100NA
    Percent servings fruit and vegetables <5 per day8684.80.810184.180.80.5911
    Percent with <2 servings dairy per day69.480.40.068977.883.80.3330
Physical activity (% 3–7 days/week moderate or vigorous activity)64.852.80.05756243.50.0143
Physical inactivity (% watching television ≥2 h/day)68.384.00.004981.775.70.3345
  • *

    * These data were collected only among youth aged ≥10 years.

  • P value for categorical variables using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and age-groups.

  • P value for continuous variables using ANOVA for the overall effect of age-group.

  • §

    § Percents reflect total percent of type 1 diabetes and total percent of type 2 diabetes for age categories shown.