Table 1—

Demographic characteristics of Hispanic youth with diabetes: the SEARCH study, 2001 prevalent and 2002–2005 incident cases with a study visit

Age category (years)*Type 1 diabetes (n = 551)
Type 2 diabetes (n = 127)
Aged 0–9 yearsAged 10–14 yearsAged ≥15 yearsPAged 10–14 yearsAged ≥15 yearsP
n1792101624087
Sex0.760.23
    Female89 (49.7)108 (51.4)77 (47.5)27 (67.5)49 (56.3)
    Male90 (50.3)102 (48.6)85 (52.5)13 (32.5)38 (43.7)
Hispanic origin0.610.28
    Mexican American112 (62.6)139 (66.2)100 (61.7)27 (67.5)62 (71.3)
    Puerto Rican10 (5.6)18 (8.6)12 (7.4)2 (5.0)6 (6.9)
    Cuban2 (1.1)5 (2.4)2 (1.2)01 (1.2)
    South American7 (3.9)4 (1.9)6 (3.7)00
    Central American5 (2.8)3 (1.4)7 (4.3)05 (5.8)
    Spaniard2 (1.1)02 (1.2)01 (1.2)
    Other Hispanic41 (22.9)41 (19.5)33 (20.4)11 (27.5)12 (13.8)
Language for initial survey0.0290.84
    English157 (87.7)169 (80.5)145 (89.5)31 (77.5)66 (75.9)
    Spanish22 (12.3)41 (19.5)17 (10.5)9 (22.5)21 (24.4)
Family income category0.860.50
    <$25,00030 (18.9)41 (21.0)26 (19.5)15 (44.1)22 (31.9)
    $25,000–$49,00052 (32.7)70 (35.9)47 (35.3)11 (32.4)27 (39.1)
    $50,000–$74,00032 (20.1)43 (22.1)27 (20.3)2 (5.9)9 (13.0)
    ≥$75,00045 (28.3)41 (21.0)33 (24.8)6 (17.6)11 (15.9)
Highest parental education0.400.87
    Less than high school25 (14)37 (17.8)30 (18.9)13 (32.5)24 (27.9)
    High school graduate46 (25.7)45 (21.6)28 (17.6)10 (25)23 (26.7)
    More than high school108 (60.3)126 (60.6)101 (63.5)17 (42.5)39 (45.3)
Household composition<0.00010.19
    Two parents/one household133 (74.3)129 (61.7)72 (44.7)22 (55.0)51 (58.6)
    One-parent household38 (21.2)64 (30.6)63 (39.1)16 (40.0)24 (27.6)
    Other composition8 (4.5)16 (7.7)26 (16.1)2 (5.0)12 (13.8)
Type of health insurance0.120.29
    Private131 (73.2)156 (74.3)120 (74.5)23 (57.5)60 (69.8)
    Medicaid/ low income44 (24.6)45 (21.4)28 (17.4)14 (35.0)17 (19.8)
    Other2 (1.1)5 (2.4)4 (2.5)01 (1.2)
    None2 (1.1)4 (1.9)9 (5.6)3 (7.5)8 (9.3)
  • Data are n (%).

  • *

    * Age at time of in-person visit.

  • P value using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and age-groups. When results were missing, descriptive information and P values are based on participants with complete data.

  • A total of 55.5% of the Hispanic youth were members of managed health care plans in California and Hawaii at the time of case ascertainment, although insurance status may have changed by the time of the SEARCH study in-person study visit when these demographic data were collected.