Table 3—

Psychosocial, behavioral, and dietary characteristics of 499 Hispanic youth aged ≥10 years with type 1 or type 2 diabetes: the SEARCH study, 2001 prevalent and 2002–2005 incident cohorts with a study visit

Type 1 diabetes (n = 372)
Type 2 diabetes (n = 127)
Aged 10–14 years*Aged ≥15 yearsPAged 10–14 yearsAged ≥15 yearsP
n2101624087
Psychosocial
    CES-D score (means ± SD)10.8 ± 7.012.9 ± 9.90.01714.9 ± 9.614.9 ± 11.00.99
    High CES-D score (≥24) [n (% yes)]12 (6.1)21 (13.8)0.0146 (17.6)16 (19.5)0.82
Behavioral
    Current smoker [n (% yes)]2 (1.0)22 (14.3)<0.0001011 (12.9)0.03
Physical activity measures
    Three to seven days/week moderate or vigorous [n (% yes)]124 (62.0)85 (54.8)0.1720 (57.1)47 (55.3)0.85
    Watching television ≥2 h/day [n (% yes)]129 (64.5)100 (64.5)0.9923 (65.7)64 (75.3)0.29
Dietary intake
    Percent total kcal from total fat (mean kcal ± SD)37.3 ± 6.038.5 ± 7.10.1539.1 ± 6.136.3 ± 7.40.08
    ≥7% of kcal from saturated fat [n (% yes)]161 (100.0)126 (99.2)0.2629 (100.0)67 (100.0)NA
Number of servings of fruit and vegetables per day (mean servings ± SD)3.3 ± 3.23 ± 2.20.533 ± 2.33 ± 2.30.92
    Less than five servings per day of fruit and vegetables [n (% yes)]136 (84.5)106 (83.5)0.8225 (86.2)55 (82.1)0.62
Number of servings of dairy per day (mean servings ± SD)2 ± 1.41.6 ± 1.20.0111.6 ± 1.41.4 ± 1.00.50
    Less than two servings per day of dairy [n (% yes)]97 (60.2)85 (66.9)0.2418 (62.1)50 (74.6)0.21
  • *

    * Age at time of in-person visit.

  • P value for categorical variables using χ2 test for the association between variable levels and age-groups. P value for continuous variables using ANOVA for the overall effect of age-group. When results were missing, descriptive information and P values are based on participants with complete data.

  • Value is indicative of moderately/severely depressed mood (17,18).