Table 2

Changes in risk factors from baseline to 1-year visit according to weight loss

Weight loss ≥5%Weight loss 2.5–4.9%Stable weight*Gained ≥2.5%ANCOVA P value
nMean ± SDnMean ± SDnMean ± SDnMean ± SD
Weight (kg)490−8.5 ± 6.5§471−3.1 ± 0.9§1,290−0.1 ± 1.25464.5 ± 3.7§<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)489−3.0 ± 2.3§470−1.1 ± 0.3§1,285−0.04 ± 0.465411.6 ± 1.0§<0.001
Waist (cm)477−6.6 ± 6.1§449−2.7 ± 4.2§1,258−0.4 ± 4.25252.6 ± 5.1§<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)480−4.4 ± 14.4§464−3.1 ± 15.4§1,267−0.7 ± 14.55360.5 ± 15.1<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)480−3.8 ± 8.4§464−2.2 ± 8.31,267−1.1 ± 8.4536−0.1 ± 8.7<0.001
Lipids (mmol/l)
    Total cholesterol438−0.35 ± 0.78411−0.23 ± 0.921,148−0.15 ± 0.78482−0.02 ± 0.81§<0.001
    HDL cholesterol4300.10 ± 0.25§4080.05 ± 0.291,1380.02 ± 0.27476−0.01 ± 0.31<0.001
    LDL cholesterol420−0.33 ± 0.71§400−0.22 ± 0.891,111−0.17 ± 0.72463−0.07 ± 0.74<0.001
    Triglycerides430−0.29 ± 0.66§406−0.15 ± 0.95§1,133−0.01 ± 0.764730.12 ± 0.95§<0.001
  • *Weight loss <2.5% or weight gain <2.5%.

  • †ANCOVA for overall and pairwise comparisons of mean changes between the groups; analyses were adjusted for age (‡) or for age and sex (§).

  • ‡Pairwise comparisons between groups, P < 0.05 (stable weight served as the reference group).

  • §Pairwise comparisons between groups, P < 0.05 (stable weight served as the reference group).