Table 3

Independent associations with the presence of pre-diabetes (a 2005–2006 nationally representative sample of 1,546 nondiabetic U.S. adults)

PredictorsUnadjusted associationAdjusted associations*
OR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
Male1.90 (1.54–2.34)<0.0012.30 (1.75–3.01)<0.001
Age (per decade of life)1.46 (1.38–1.55)<0.0011.58 (1.45–1.72)<0.001
Race (ref = white)
    Black0.93 (0.68–1.26)>0.21.15 (0.86–1.54)>0.2
    Mexican American1.47 (1.00–2.17)0.051.96 (1.10–3.48)0.03
    Other/multiracial1.26 (0.70–2.27)>0.21.54 (0.82–2.88)0.16
Insured1.05 (0.76–1.46)>0.20.99 (0.68–1.45)>0.2
Education (ref = some college or more)
    High school graduate1.11 (0.81–1.53)>0.20.92 (0.67–1.26)>0.2
    <High school1.80 (1.42–2.29)<0.0011.28 (0.96–1.71)0.09
Income (ref = >200% poverty)
    <Poverty level1.15 (0.78–1.70)>0.21.29 (0.84–1.99)>0.2
    100%–200% poverty level1.24 (0.75–2.05)>0.21.12 (0.63–2.00)>0.2
  • *Independent associations in a multiple logistic regression model controlling for all listed variables. OR, odds ratio; ref, reference.