Table 2

Assessment of kidney function in KEEP female participants with GDM alone, with overt diabetes, and without diabetes

CharacteristicsGDMOvert diabetesNo diabetesP value
n57112,10025,045
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)0.81 ± 0.200.88 ± 0.310.83 ± 0.23<0.0001
eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)85.8 ± 23.477.9 ± 23.282.5 ± 22.7<0.0001
eGFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (%)11.721.014.1<0.0001
ACR (%)<0.0001
    Normal (<30 mg/g)89.384.491.7
    Microalbuminuria (30–300 mg/g)10.013.67.7
    Macroalbuminuria (>300 mg/g)0.72.00.6
CKD stages (%)<0.0001
    No CKD78.668.779.6
    Stage 13.83.82.6
    Stage 25.86.43.8
    Stage 311.419.813.5
    Stage 4–50.41.30.5
  • Data are means ± SD or %.