Table 1

Eligibility, questionnaire, and exam components in CARRS and MASALA

Eligibility criteriaCARRS-ChennaiMASALA
Inclusion criteria• Aged 20 years or older• Self-identify as South Asian
• Permanently residing in the selected household• Age range 40–84 years
• Ability to speak and read English, Hindi, or Urdu.
Exclusion criteria• Pregnant women were excluded from the study, as were bedridden individuals.• Those with history of physician-diagnosed myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or transient ischemic attack; with a history of heart failure, angina, or use of nitroglycerin; or with a history of cardiovascular procedures
• Current atrial fibrillation, active cancer treatment, or life expectancy <5 years; impaired cognitive ability as judged by the reviewer; plans to move out of the study region in the next 5 years; currently living in or on the wait list for a nursing home
• Individuals weighing >136 kg (300 lb) were also excluded owing to limitations with the computed tomography scanner
Questionnaires• Questionnaires were used to gather demographic information including language use, family history of type 2 diabetes, medical history, and current medication use• Questionnaires were used to gather demographic information including language use, medical history, family history of type 2 diabetes, and current medication use
Blood pressure• Three seated blood pressure measurements were taken using an electronic sphygmomanometer• Three seated blood pressure measurements were taken using an automated blood pressure monitor
• An average of the last two readings was used to assess systolic and diastolic blood pressure• An average of the last two readings was used to assess systolic and diastolic blood pressure
Weight• Participant weight was measured using a standing balance beam scale• Participant weight was measured using a standing balance beam scale or digital weighing scale
Height• Height was measured using a portable stadiometer• Height was measured using a stadiometer
Waist circumference• Waist circumference was measured using a nonstretch measuring tape at the site of maximum circumference halfway between the lower ribs and the anterior superior iliac spine• Waist circumference was measured using a flexible tape measure at the site of maximum circumference halfway between the lower ribs and the anterior superior iliac spine