Table 4

Univariate and multivariate regression analysis of factors associated with changes of A1C in intervention subjects with baseline A1C ≥7% after receiving a 12-month intervention

Simple linear regressionMultiple linear regression
β (SEM)P valueβ (SEM)P value
Age (years)−0.031 (0.018)0.096−0.013 (0.12)0.304
Sex−0.252 (0.304)0.411−0.367 (0.205)0.080
Duration of diabetes (years)−0.016 (0.033)0.6410.027 (0.023)0.232
Baseline BMI0.104 (0.045)0.0260.042 (0.032)0.200
Baseline A1C (%)−0.606 (0.093)<0.001−0.454 (0.084)<0.001
Change in energy intake (100 kcal/day)0.200 (0.041)<0.0010.045 (0.043)0.303
Change in carbohydrate intake (15 g/day)0.167 (0.029)<0.0010.100 (0.033)0.004
Change in fat intake (15 g/day)0.002 (0.124)0.988
Change in protein intake (15 g/day)0.188 (0.118)0.117
  • n = 56.