Table 3

Risk factors associated with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

ModelCovariatesPrediabetesType 2 diabetesP
OR95% CIOR95% CI
1Migrant AI*1.39(1.14, 1.69)0.73(0.59, 0.90)<0.01
2Migrant AI*1.18(0.93, 1.50)0.46(0.36, 0.59)<0.01
Age-group (years)1.21(1.08, 1.38)1.55(1.38, 1.74)<0.01
Sex**1.48(1.18, 1.85)1.47(1.19, 1.84)<0.01
Waist circumference (cm)1.03(1.02, 1.04)1.05(1.04, 1.06)<0.01
SBP (mmHg)1.01(1.00, 1.02)1.02(1.01, 1.03)<0.01
3Migrant AI*1.52(0.85, 2.73)0.73(0.39, 1.35)0.07
Age-group (years)1.23(1.08, 1.40)1.55(1.37, 1.75)<0.01
Sex**1.46(1.16, 1.84)1.43(1.14, 1.78)<0.01
Waist circumference (cm)1.03(1.02, 1.04)1.05(1.04, 1.06)<0.01
SBP (mmHg)1.01(1.01, 1.02)1.02(1.01, 1.03)<0.01
Education0.88(0.60, 1.31)0.64(0.43, 0.94)0.06
Years since migration0.99(0.98, 1.01)1.00(0.99, 1.02)0.81
4Migrant AI*1.50(0.97, 2.32)0.88(0.57, 1.35)0.05
Age-group (years)1.20(1.06, 1.37)1.51(1.33, 1.71)<0.01
Sex**1.24(0.90, 1.72)1.04(0.75, 1.43)0.41
Height0.99(0.98, 1.01)0.98(0.96, 1.0)0.09
Waist circumference (cm)1.03(1.02, 1.04)1.05(1.03, 1.06)<0.01
SBP (mmHg)1.01(1.01, 1.02)1.02(1.01, 1.03)<0.01
Education0.83(0.55, 1.26)0.56(0.37, 0.85)0.02
  • AI, Asian Indian; SBP, systolic blood pressure.

  • *Asian Indians living in India (CARRS-Chennai study) were used as the referent group.

  • **Males were used as the referent group.