Table 1

Baseline clinical and demographic characteristics by depression

CharacteristicsTotal sampleNo depressionMinor depressionMajor depression
n3,7232,965315443
Female1,782 (47.9)1,369 (46.2)152 (48.3)261 (58.9)
Nonwhite726 (19.5)555 (18.7)81 (25.7)90 (20.3)
High school education or less919 (24.7)696 (23.5)101 (32.1)122 (27.5)
Marital status single1,245 (33.4)941 (31.7)112 (35.6)192 (43.3)
Treatment
    None or diet947 (25.4)798 (26.9)71 (22.5)78 (17.6)
    Oral hypoglycemic agent only1,746 (46.9)1,422 (48.0)143 (45.4)181 (40.9)
    Any insulin1,030 (27.7)745 (25.1)101 (32.1)184 (41.5)
Hypertension2,392 (64.3)1,887 (63.6)217 (68.9)288 (65.0)
Physical activity (≤1 day/week)1,223 (32.9)873 (29.4)140 (44.4)210 (47.4)
Any prior microvascular event750 (20.2)580 (19.6)77 (24.4)93 (21.0)
Any prior macrovascular event1,042 (28.1)788 (26.7)108 (34.4)146 (33.0)
Age64.3 ± 12.564.9 ± 12.364.7 ± 13.2)60.1 ± 13.0)
Diabetes duration (years)8.8 ± 8.48.6 ± 8.410.2 ± 9.2)9.0 ± 7.5)
A1C7.8 ± 1.67.7 ± 1.57.9 ± 1.68.1 ± 1.7
BMI31.8 ± 7.231.2 ± 6.832.3 ± 7.035.0 ± 9.1
RxRisk*3,203 ± 2,4103,124 ± 2,3203,475 ± 2,5173,536 ± 2,846
  • Data are n (%) or means ± SD.

  • *Medical comorbidity and expected cost in USD excluding diabetes and depression.