Table 1

Characteristics of the E3N study population, according to diabetes status at the end of the 17-year follow-up

No diabetesNew-onset diabetes
n88,9192,534
Age (years)49.3 ± 6.651.3 ± 6.7
BMI (kg/m2)22.5 ± 3.026.9 ± 4.7
Physical activity (MET-h/week)52.3 ± 38.044.3 ± 35.8
At least one parent with diabetes (%)9.623.7
Current smoker (%)13.313.2
University degree (%)35.224.4
Hypercholesterolemia (%)8.215.2
Hypertension (%)8.625.4
Menopause (%)40.553.7
Low birth weight (%)7.29.6
Body silhouette (1–8 scale)
    At 8 years1.8 ± 1.11.8 ± 1.2
    At menarche2.5 ± 1.22.4 ± 1.2
    At 20–25 years2.5 ± 0.92.7 ± 1.1
    At 35–40 years3.0 ± 1.03.7 ± 1.2
  • Data are means ± SD or %. *Birth weight in grams categorized as low (<2,500 g) or women's self-classification as newborn of low birth weight (when birth weight in grams was missing).