Table 1

Sample description (n = 506)

Sex (male/female)218 (43)/288 (57)
Age (years)57.8 ± 9.8
Education (years)14.7 ± 3.3
Family income ($1,000)52.8 ± 36.3
BMI (kg/m2)32.7 ± 7.7
Psychotropic medications105 (20.8)
No. of comorbidities3.9 ± 2.5
No. of complications0.8 ± 1.2
Years with diabetes8.1 ± 7.5
Insulin use76 (15.0)
Race/ethnicity
    Asian American85 (16.8)
    African American104 (20.4)
    Hispanic99 (19.6)
    Non-Hispanic white186 (36.8)
    Other33 (6.5)
A1C7.2 ± 1.44
DDS2.1 ± 1.0
CES-D11.0 ± 10.5
MDD54 (10.7)
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).