Table 1

Characteristics of survey responders by diabetes status: KPNC, 1993–1999

Diagnosed diabetesWithout diabetes
n70,64551,241
Male sex53.144.9
Age (years)
    <407.127.5
    40–4915.9119.97
    50–5925.0315.76
    60–6927.9416.18
    ≥7024.020.6
BMI (kg/m2)29.80 ± 6.4826.06 ± 5.14
    <2519.7445.93
    25–26.912.8816.85
    27–29.918.6116.60
    ≥3035.3416.70
    Missing13.433.91
Race/ethnicity
    White57.8872.04
    African American12.925.83
    Hispanic13.167.95
    Asian/Pacific Islander12.6311.39
    Other3.222.58
    Missing0.170.22
Education
    Some high school or high school graduate40.2426.15
    Some college27.2140.01
    College graduate or postcollege21.3332.96
    Missing11.230.88
Alcohol consumption
    Never18.0510.68
    Past23.9514.50
    Current43.3772.18
    Missing14.632.64
Smoking
    Never42.7056.81
    Past smoker35.4129.05
    Current smoker10.5212.46
    Missing11.381.68
No. outpatient visits in the 12 months before baseline
    013.506.66
    1–222.2517.31
    3–418.8013.93
    5–926.5117.54
    10–1914.659.05
    ≥204.292.25
    Missing033.3
  • Data are % or means ± SD.