Table 3

HRs and 95% CI for the association between each pulmonary condition and diabetes status among KPNC survey responders

Model 1*Model 2†
Asthma‡2.21 (1.72–2.85)1.08 (1.03–1.12)
COPD‡1.57 (1.40–1.77)1.22 (1.15–1.28)
Fibrosis‡1.64 (1.23–2.18)1.54 (1.31–1.81)
Pneumonia‡2.47 (2.32–2.62)1.92 (1.84–1.99)
Lung cancer§1.05 (0.94–1.17)1.10 (0.96–1.26)
  • *Adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity.

  • †Adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, smoking, BMI, education, alcohol consumption, and number of outpatient visits.

  • ‡Primary discharge diagnosis or underlying cause of death in the Kaiser Permanente databases.

  • §Identified through the KPNC Cancer Registry.