Table 1

Incidence rates of diabetes-related ESRD and APC, by age, sex, and race or ethnicity, United States, 1990–2006

Incidence rate*Trend
19902006PeriodAPC (95% CI)P
Total285.4278.41990–19965.8 (3.5 to 8.0)<0.01
1996–2006−2.9 (−3.6 to −2.2)<0.01
Total†299.0197.71990–19961.1 (−1.9 to 4.1)0.45
1996–2006−3.9 (−4.7 to −3.1)<0.01
Age (years)
    <45300.1142.31990–2006−4.3 (−5.1 to −3.4)<0.01
    45–64340.6273.81990–19963.2 (0.6 to 5.9)0.02
1996–2006−3.9 (−4.6 to −3.2)<0.01
    65–74263.8368.61990–19986.2 (3.2 to 9.2)<0.01
1998–2006−3.4 (−5.4 to −1.4)<0.01
    ≥75172.5328.51990–199910.9 (8.9 to 12.9)<0.01
1999–2006−2.1 (−3.7 to −0.3)0.02
Sex†
    Male363.7230.51990–2006−2.8 (−3.6 to −1.9)<0.01
    Female250.6168.61990–19962.4 (−1.5 to 6.4)0.20
1996–2006−4.3 (−5.3 to −3.3)<0.01
Race†‡
    White266.2164.71990–19961.3 (−3.0 to 5.7)0.53
1996–2006−5.0 (−6.0 to −4.0)<0.01
    Black408.9327.71990–2006−1.7 (−2.9 to −0.6)<0.01
Ethnicity†§
    Hispanic‖306.7¶254.31997–2006−1.5 (−3.3 to 0.3)0.09
  • *Per 100,000 diabetic population.

  • †Age-adjusted based on the 2000 U.S. standard population.

  • ‡The racial groups include people of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.

  • §NHIS began collecting Hispanic ethnicity data in 1997.

  • ‖Hispanics may be of any race.

  • ¶Data for 1997. APC, annual percent change.