Table 3

Changes in nutrient intakes in type 2 diabetic patients with baseline A1C ≥7% after receiving a 12-month intervention or usual care (control)

Nutrient intakesBaselineChanges from baseline to 12 months
InterventionControlP valueInterventionControlP value
56545654
Energy (kcal/day)1,899.0 ± 399.81,877.5 ± 405.30.778−229.06 ± 309.1656.10 ± 309.41<0.001
Carbohydrates
    Energy %54.4 ± 7.954.4 ± 8.50.9990.01 ± 9.29−1.01 ± 7.640.530
    g/day256.4 ± 58.8245.0 ± 45.10.250−31.24 ± 61.537.15 ± 54.090.001
Protein
    Energy %14.9 ± 2.814.8 ± 3.50.786−0.52 ± 3.600.12 ± 3.500.345
    g/day70.4 ± 18.368.4 ± 24.60.622−10.91 ± 18.852.94 ± 18.60<0.001
Fat
    Energy %30.6 ± 6.730.8 ± 6.90.8990.51 ± 7.920.89 ± 7.200.793
    g/day64.8 ± 21.063.3 ± 22.40.712−7.74 ± 18.363.84 ± 19.990.002
Monounsaturates (%)9.7 ± 3.010.0 ± 3.70.6860.61 ± 3.911.00 ± 3.700.596
Polyunsaturates (%)10.9 ± 3.011.0 ± 3.70.852−0.05 ± 4.47−0.65 ± 4.830.500
Saturates (%)8.7 ± 3.17.8 ± 2.90.141−0.98 ± 3.400.60 ± 2.930.010
Cholesterol (mg/day)237.3 ± 176.7234.6 ± 178.90.935−3.59 ± 200.1514.97 ± 223.450.647
  • Data are means ± SD. A t test was used to test differences between the intervention and control subjects at baseline. A t test was also used to determine the changes in nutrient intakes between the two groups after a 1-year intervention. There were four subjects with missing dietary data at 1-year follow-up in the control group (n = 54). P < 0.05 is considered significantly different.