Table 2

Correlations (or means ± SD) between baseline factors and 18-year follow-up PWA measures (AIx, AP, and SEVR)

AIxAPSEVR
E/I ratio−0.18†−0.32‡0.47‡
Heart rate (bpm)−0.20†−0.16§−0.44‡
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)−0.09−0.03−0.11
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)−0.00−0.01−0.03
HbA1 (%)0.020.06−0.12
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)0.110.15§−0.16§
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)0.100.050.03
Waist-to-hip ratio−0.040.020.05
BMI (kg/m2)0.19†0.11−0.12
Albumin excretion rate (μg/min)0.100.19†−0.22‖
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)0.110.11−0.05
White blood cell count (×10−9/l)0.110.12−0.07
Energy expenditure (kcal/week)−0.28‡−0.29‡0.20†
Males (n = 71)19.4 ± 11.57.66 ± 6.36149.7 ± 29.8
Females (n = 73)¶26.5 ± 9.1810.4 ± 6.42135.8 ± 31.2
Never-smoker (n = 93)22.0 ± 11.58.42 ± 6.85145.8 ± 31.1
Ever-smoker (n = 49)#25.3 ± 9.5910.3 ± 5.71135.1 ± 30.6
  • Data are means ± SD of AIx, AP, and SEVR for categorical variables.

  • P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.001;

  • §P < 0.10;

  • P < 0.01.

  • ¶Males compared with females: AIx: P < 0.001; AP: P = 0.003; SEVR: P = 0.01.

  • #Never-smokers compared with ever-smokers: AIx: P = 0.09; AP: P = 0.01; SEVR: P = 0.05.