Table 1

Group response profiles for outcome variables at baseline, immediately after intervention, and 9-month follow-up post-test values

Intervention group (n = 42)Control group (n = 45)FP
Mean ± SERangeMean ± SERange
Diabetes and pregnancy knowledge*
    Group32.34<0.001
    Time37.44<0.001
    Group-by-time32.3<0.0001
    Baseline52.1 ± 3.645–59.346.7 ± 3.539.7–53.7
    Immediately after intervention82.2 ± 3.176–88.448.3 ± 3.142.3–54.4
    9-Month follow-up81.3 ± 3.574.3–88.353.5 ± 3.346.9–60
Benefits
    Group9.700.0025
    Time14.02<0.0001
    Group-by-time11.2<0.0001
    Baseline16.5 ± 0.515.5–17.616 ± 0.515–17.1
    Immediately after intervention19.3 ± 0.418.5–20.316.2 ± 0.415.5–17
    9-Month follow-up18.3 ± 0.517.4–19.316.7 ± 0.515.8–17.6
Intention to initiate discussion
    Group1.060.31
    Time15.54<0.0001
    Baseline8.71 ± 0.47.6–9.88.87 ± 0.697.75–9.97
    Immediately after intervention11.11 ± 0.59.9–12.310.1 ± 0.339.0–11.3
    9-Month follow-up11.2 ± 0.610.1–12.69.77 ± 0.468.8–11.2
    Group-by-time1.560.21
Initiating discussion§
    Group1.900.17
    Time14.60.0003
    Baseline0.7 ± 0.090.4–0.90.6 ± 0.090.3–0.9
    9-Month follow-up1.4 ± 0.151.0–1.91.0 ± 0.150.5–1.4
    Group-by-time1.830.18
  • *Knowledge of diabetes and pregnancy, a summation of 12 dichotomous items (correct = 1, incorrect = 0, % correct).

  • †Perceived benefits of seeking and using family planning, a summation of 5 Likert-type items (possible range 5–25).

  • ‡Intention to initiate discussion with health care provider, a summation of 2 Likert-type items (possible range 2–14).

  • §Actual initiation of discussion with health care provider, a summation of 4 dichotomous items (possible range 0–4), showing group change from baseline and at 9 months.