Table 1

Patient descriptive statistics

African AmericanHispanicWhite
n15,90517,75074,900
Age (years)
    <50182213
    51–64423737
    65–74272729
    ≥75141422
Sex
    Male455053
    Female555047
Language
    English not primary language1222
Income
    <$30,00015106
    $30,000–$49,999403229
    $50,000–$64,999212625
    $65,000–$84,999182425
    ≥$85,0006815
College degree
    <10% in census block363620
    10–20%333534
    20–30%212028
    >30%10818
Doctor choice
    Assigned172322
    Patient chose323232
    Unknown504446
Physician specialty
    Internal medicine827676
    Family practice111617
    Other specialty787
Physician race/ethnicity
    African American1033
    Hispanic4114
    White403647
    Asian444642
Annual visits
    To own primary care provider2.42.42.4
    To any primary care provider3.63.53.4
    To any primary care provider/registered nurse4.64.34.3
    Years with own primary care provider6.35.66.0
Insulin at baseline10810
Smoker161113
No. of drug classes8.37.48.2
Medicare414253
Medications at baseline
    Diabetes medications
        Sulfonylureas394338
        Metformin334134
        Insulin121112
    Hyperlipidemia
        Statins545662
    Hypertension
        ACE inhibitors484951
        β-Adrenergic blockers322836
        Thiazides/related diuretics362427
        Calcium channel blockers301618
  • Data are percent.