Table 1

Characteristics of individuals according to glucose status

NormoglycemiaPrediabetesDiabetes
Size (n)12,1521,4251,299
Sex (women)50.4% (6,121)51.6% (736)38.3% (497)
Age (years)53.4 ± 11.061.1 ± 9.063.0 ± 8.3
Glucose (mg/dL)90.0 (85.0, 96.0)97.0 (91.0, 104.0)112.6 (99.0, 132.0)
HbA1c (%)5.40 (5.10, 5.60)6.10 (6.00, 6.20)6.70 (6.30, 7.20)
HbA1c (mmol/mol)36 (32, 38)43 (42, 44)50 (45, 55)
Anthropometry
 BMI (kg/m2)26.7 ± 4.629.3 ± 5.631.5 ± 5.9
 Waist (cm)92.6 ± 13.099.8 ± 14.1106.7 ± 14.1
Classical CVRFs
 Hypertension71.5% (8,687)84.4% (1,202)91.1% (1,184)
 Smoking19.3% (2,342)23.6% (336)16.2% (209)
 Obesity20.5% (2,494)37.8% (538)55.2% (716)
 Dyslipidemia39.2% (4,765)59.9% (854)76.4% (991)
 Family history of MI/stroke21.0% (2,552)26.5% (377)27.5% (357)
Comorbidities
 CAD3.0% (355)7.6% (106)14.0% (173)
 MI2.0% (238)5.4% (77)9.6% (123)
 Stroke1.4% (168)3.0% (42)4.9% (63)
 PAD2.6% (316)5.1% (72)8.4% (107)
 AF2.3% (274)4.0% (56)5.9% (75)
 CHF1.0% (121)2.2% (31)3.4% (44)
 COPD4.5% (541)6.7% (95)7.7% (100)
  • Participants having type 1 diabetes, other types, or an unspecified type were excluded from the cohort (n = 134). With the exception of smoking (P = 0.4), the prevalence of the depicted parameters increased significantly from individuals with normoglycemia to prediabetes and to diabetes (P < 0.001). Data are presented as relative and absolute numbers (sex, hypertension, smoking, obesity, dyslipidemia, family history of MI/stroke, CAD, MI, stroke, PAD, AF, CHF, COPD), mean and standard deviation (age, BMI, waist), median and interquartile range (glucose, HbA1c).