Table 2

Univariate associations of measures of arterial stiffness by diabetes status

Arterial stiffness measure
BrachDPWVAI75
Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetesType 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
Age (years)−0.43 ± 0.08*−0.09 ± 0.240.67 ± 0.05*1.15 ± 0.28−2.21 ± 0.674.47 ± 2.30
A1C0.04 ± 0.02−0.01 ± 0.050.08 ± 0.020.02 ± 0.060.50 ± 0.300.16 ± 0.47
Waist circumference−0.19 ± 0.02*−0.15 ± 0.03*0.16 ± 0.01*0.15 ± 0.04−0.51 ± 0.190.14 ± 0.36
LDL cholesterol0.01 ± 0.01−0.02 ± 0.020.02 ± 0.010.02 ± 0.030.32 ± 0.090.26 ± 0.22
HDL cholesterol0.05 ± 0.020.01 ± 0.07−0.05 ± 0.02−0.13 ± 0.090.39 ± 0.180.007 ± 0.66
SBP−0.33 ± 0.02*−0.15 ± 0.060.17 ± 0.02*0.26 ± 0.07−0.45 ± 0.220.47 ± 0.61
DBP−0.10 ± 0.04−0.005 ± 0.0790.30 ± 0.02*0.48 ± 0.08*0.89 ± 0.322.66 ± 0.74
  • Data are β coefficients ± SEM. A1C is per 1 unit change; all other continuous measures are per 5 units change. Significant associations (P < 0.05) are in bold.

  • *P < 0.0001.

  • P < 0.01.