Table 4

Determinants of arterial stiffness measures in multiple linear regression analysis

Arterial stiffness measure
BrachDPWVAI75*
Diabetes type (type 2 vs. type 1)−0.01 ± 0.16 (0.9)0.15 ± 0.13 (0.2)1.75 ± 1.74 (0.3)
Age at visit−0.03 ± 0.07 (0.6)0.29 ± 0.06 (<0.0001)−0.66 ± 0.88 (0.4)
Sex (female vs. male)−0.14 ± 0.07 (0.05)−0.05 ± 0.06 (0.3)1.93 ± 0.85 (0.02)
Race (other vs. non-Hispanic white)−0.15 ± 0.10 (0.1)0.01 ± 0.08 (0.9)2.94 ± 1.12 (0.01)
Duration of diabetes−0.07 ± 0.05 (0.1)0.07 ± 0.04 (0.09)1.24 ± 0.55 (0.02)
A1C0.0004 ± 0.02 (0.9)0.01 ± 0.02 (0.5)−0.06 ± 0.24 (0.8)
Waist circumference−0.08 ± 0.02 (<0.0001)0.07 ± 0.01 (<0.0001)−0.0003 ± 0.20 (0.9)
LDL cholesterol−0.002 ± 0.01 (0.7)0.005 ± 0.01 (0.3)0.17 ± 0.08 (0.03)
HDL cholesterol−0.005 ± 0.02 (0.7)−0.01 ± 0.01 (0.3)−0.04 ± 0.17 (0.8)
SBP−0.52 ± 0.03 (<0.0001)0.02 ± 0.02 (0.4)−0.48 ± 0.28 (0.09)
DBP0.51 ± 0.03 (<0.0001)0.20 ± 0.03 (<0.0001)1.94 ± 0.39 (<0.0001)
R20.56750.52630.3118
  • Data are β coefficients ± SEM (P values). A1C is per 1 unit change; all other continuous measures are per 5 units change. Significant associations are in bold.

  • *Model for AI75 includes adjustment for height (β = −0.28 ± 0.04, P < 0.0001).