Table 1

Macronutrient composition of the treatment groups

CONHPCON+RTHP+RTTreatment group*Diet
n16121714
Energy (kJ)6,278 ± 6486,321 ± 7636,199 ± 6966,339 ± 6490.9440.62
Carbohydrate (g)197.4 ± 16.3176.3 ± 23.7195.0 ± 21.5170.0 ± 23.10.001<0.001
Carbohydrate (% of energy)53.6 ± 2.647.4 ± 1.653.6 ± 3.945.5 ± 2.4<0.001<0.001
Protein (g)68.4 ± 5.9119.0 ± 7.868.0 ± 8.3117.1 ± 6.7<0.001<0.001
Protein (% of energy)18.6 ± 0.932.3 ± 2.818.7 ± 1.331.6 ± 2.2<0.001<0.001
Fat (g)38.5 ± 7.730.5 ± 8.237.5 ± 9.633.7 ± 5.50.041<0.01
Fat (% of energy)22.6 ± 3.017.7 ± 3.022.3 ± 4.519.6 ± 1.90.001<0.001
Saturated fat (% of total fat)34.1 ± 5.533.9 ± 5.033.2 ± 2.834.3 ± 4.30.900.68
Polyunsaturated fat (% of total fat)19.8 ± 4.522.3 ± 3.621.4 ± 4.521.0 ± 4.20.470.39
Monounsaturated fat (% of total fat)46.1 ± 6.643.9 ± 4.145.5 ± 5.444.8 ± 5.10.740.32
Diet fiber (g)31.1 ± 2.924.7 ± 4.030.5 ± 4.422.6 ± 4.1<0.001<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD. The treatment groups were a standard carbohydrate, low-protein, low-fat diet alone (CON) or with resistance exercise training (CON+RT), or an isocaloric higher-protein, low-fat diet alone (HP) or with resistance exercise training (HP+RT).

  • *Differences between groups (one-way ANOVA).

  • †Comparison of the difference between the diets (CON and CON+RT vs. HP and HP+RT) (planned contrast).