Table 1

Demographic data for patients at baseline

InsulinGlucoseSaline
Age (years)47.9 ± 8.945.8 ± 7.641.5 ± 8.2
BMI (kg/m2)39.2 ± 6.538.6 ± 7.236.9 ± 6.7
A1C (%)7.00 ± 0.87.30 ± 0.97.5 ± 1.1
Diabetes diagnosis (years)4.9 ± 3.54.2 ± 3.14.2 ± 3.1
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)123 ± 10133 ± 14135 ± 13
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)20.9 ± 10.927.6 ± 5.620.6 ± 5.5
Blood pressure (systolic/diastolic)137 ± 4/102 ± 3131 ± 4/94 ± 3133 ± 5/95 ± 4
Other medical conditionsHypertension (6), hypothyroidism (2), dyslipidemia (8), retinopathy (1)Hypertension (5), hypothyroidism (1), dyslipidemia (6)Hypertension (4), hypothyroidism (1), dyslipidemia (4), retinopathy (1)
MedicationsMetformin (all), sulfonylureas, atenolol, atorvastatin, simvastatin diltiazem, fosinopril, levothyroxine, gemfibrozil, enalapril, metoprololMetformin (all), sulfonylureas, atenolol, atorvastatin, simvastatin diltiazem, fosinopril, levothyroxine, gemfibrozil, enalaprilMetformin (all), sulfonylureas, atorvastatin, diltiazem, fosinopril, levothyroxine, gemfibrozil, Toprol, enalapril, valsartan
  • Data are means ± SEM.