Table 1

Hazard ratios (95% CIs) for incident diabetes comparing the third versus first tertiles of DPP-IV, by sex and ethnicity

SexEthnicity
WomenMenAfrican AmericansWhites
Model 10.78 (0.53–1.15)0.92 (0.56–1.51)0.89 (0.59–1.35)0.84 (0.56–1.27)
Model 20.88 (0.57–1.36)0.81 (0.46–1.42)1.08 (0.68–1.72)0.75 (0.47–1.20)
Model 31.02 (0.64–1.63)0.95 (0.54–1.69)1.24 (0.75–2.04)0.83 (0.52–1.33)
Model 40.95 (0.58–1.55)0.98 (0.55–1.73)1.18 (0.70–1.99)0.87 (0.53–1.43)
  • Model 1: sex models adjusted for age and race/center indicators; ethnicity models adjusted for sex and age. Model 2: model 1 plus BMI, BMI2, waist-to-hip ratio, hypertension, and family history of diabetes. Model 3: model 2 plus adiponectin, inflammation score, leptin (quartiles by sex), ln-triglycerides, ln-triglycerides2, and HDL cholesterol. Model 4: model 3 plus ln-insulin and glucose.