Table 3

Regression modeling: small fiber neuropathy by ethnicity

Risk of small fiber neuropathy in Indian Asians vs. Europeans with adjustment for covariates
Adjustment factorsOdds ratio (95% CI)P value*
Unadjusted0.61 (0.39–0.95)0.03
Age + diabetes duration0.58 (0.37–0.93)0.02
Age + duration + pack-years smoked0.58 (0.35–1.00)0.04
Age + duration + pack-years smoked + height0.61 (0.36–1.02)0.06
Age + duration + pack-years smoked + ABPI <0.850.64 (0.38–1.08)0.09
Age + duration + pack-years smoked + TCpO20.63 (0.37–1.08)0.09
Multivariate model: age + duration + pack-years smoked + height + ABPI <0.85 + TCpO20.70 (0.40–1.21)0.2
Autonomic nerve function (heart rate decline in response to deep breathing, bpm) by ethnicity
Adjustment factorsOdds ratio (95% CI)P value*
Indian AsianEuropean
Unadjusted10.8 (9.8–11.8)8.5 (7.5–9.5)0.002
Age + diabetes duration10.8 (9.8–11.7)8.7 (7.8–9.6)0.003
Age + duration + height10.9 (9.9–11.8)8.6 (7.7–9.6)0.002
Age + duration + weight10.4 (9.4,11.4)9.0 (8.0–10.0)0.07
Age + duration + BMI10.4 (9.4–11.3)9.1 (8.1–10.0)0.08
  • *P value for ethnic difference.