Table 2

Adjusted HRs (95% CI) for all-cause and CVD mortality in the total population according to sex

Baseline characteristicHRs (95% CI)
All-cause mortalityCVD mortality
MenWomenMenWomen
Number of deaths (n/N)892/4,171665/4,921517/4,171389/4,921
Ethnicity
    South Asian1.001.01.01.0
    African1.07 (0.91–1.26)0.86 (0.71–1.03)0.86 (0.70–1.07)0.74 (0.57–0.95)
    Chinese0.60 (0.47–0.78)0.62 (0.41–0.92)0.35 (0.23–0.54)0.48 (0.26–0.87)
Glucose tolerance status
    NGT1.001.001.001.00
    IFG1.13 (0.82–1.56)0.90 (0.56–1.45)1.24 (0.82–1.87)0.66 (0.32–1.38)
    IGT1.39 (1.12–1.71)1.21 (0.96–1.53)1.37 (1.02–1.83)1.16 (0.84 –1.59)
    NDM2.00 (1.63–2.46)1.56 (1.22–2.01)2.04 (1.56–2.67)1.78 (1.29–2.46)
    KDM3.29 (2.68–4.03)2.51 (2.03–3.11)3.66 (2.82 –4.73)3.11 (2.37–4.08)
  • Data were analyzed using a proportional hazards model (Cox-model) with age as the time scale and with glucose tolerance and all covariates updated at each survey for those present at more than one survey. Those who were missing at follow-up and did not contribute any follow-up information (n = 467) were excluded, whereas those who attended more than one survey but whose vital status could not be ascertained were censored (n = 353). HRs are adjusted for waist and hip circumference, smoking, hypertension, ethnicity, prior CVD, education, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol.