Table 4

Dietary fat/FA intake (g/day) by glycemic group*

GDMImpaired GCT non-GDMNormal GCTP for trend
Total fat84.16 ± 2.7086.66 ± 7.1086.80 ± 1.91NS
Total fat percentage of energy32.70 ± 1.0032.69 ± 0.7834.14 ± 0.70NS
Carbohydrate294.54 ± 8.52288.01 ± 6.57287.65 ± 5.96NS
Protein91.14 ± 3.8393.46 ± 2.9693.25 ± 2.68NS
Mysteric acid (14:0)3.25 ± 0.183.03 ± 0.143.02 ± 0.12NS
Palmitic acid (16:0)18.35 ± 0.2817.61 ± 0.2117.36 ± 0.190.005
Stearic acid (18:0)8.64 ± 0.298.22 ± 0.227.86 ± 0.200.027
Total SFAs34.14 ± 0.7932.63 ± 0.6132.04 ± 0.550.037
Palmitoleic acid (16:1)2.08 ± 0.081.85 ± 0.061.84 ± 0.050.028
Oleic acid (18:1)29.95 ± 0.4129.79 ± 0.3229.60 ± 0.29NS
Total MUFAs32.84 ± 0.4232.41 ± 0.3232.23 ± 0.29NS
Linoleic acid (18:2)10.58 ± 0.6912.63 ± 0.5313.25 ± 0.480.003
Linolenic acid (18:3)1.21 ± 0.101.34 ± 0.081.34 ± 0.07NS
Arachidonic acid (20:4)0.15 ± 0.020.17 ± 0.020.18 ± 0.01NS
EPA (20:5)0.02 ± 0.010.03 ± 0.010.04 ± 0.01NS
DHA (22:6)0.05 ± 0.010.07 ± 0.010.09 ± 0.0120.021
Total PUFAs12.15 ± 0.7814.40 ± 0.6015.03 ± 0.540.005
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *FA intake was adjusted for energy and total fat intake; total fat, carbohydrate, and protein intakes were adjusted for total energy intake;

  • P < 0.01 vs. GDM;

  • P < 0.05 vs. GDM. NS, not significant.