All IFG participants | BMI <25 kg/m^{2} | BMI ≥25 kg/m^{2} | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

n = 979 | n = 433 | n = 546 | ||||

Odds ratio (95% CI) | P | Odds ratio (95% CI)^{*} | P | Odds ratio (95% CI) | P | |

Univariate | ||||||

Change in waist circumference | 1.69 (1.41–2.03) | <0.0001 | 2.48 (1.73–3.55) | <0.0001 | 1.48 (1.20–1.84) | 0.0003 |

Change in weight | 1.83 (1.53–2.19) | <0.0001 | 1.86 (1.35–2.55) | <0.0001 | 1.85 (1.48–2.32) | <0.0001 |

Model 1 | ||||||

Change in waist circumference | 1.79 (1.45–2.21) | <0.0001 | 2.40 (1.63–3.52) | <0.0001 | 1.66 (1.28–2.16) | 0.0002 |

Change in weight | 1.86 (1.51–2.30) | <0.0001 | 1.92 (1.32–2.79) | 0.0006 | 1.96 (1.50–2.55) | <0.0001 |

Model 2 | ||||||

Change in waist circumference | 1.65 (1.30–2.09) | <0.0001 | 1.82 (1.21–2.75) | 0.004 | 1.66 (1.22–2.24) | 0.001 |

Change in weight | 1.67 (1.30–2.15) | <0.0001 | 1.20 (0.77–1.88) | 0.4 | 1.97 (1.44–2.69) | <0.0001 |

Model 3 | ||||||

Change in waist circumference | 1.52 (1.18–1.96) | 0.001 | 1.82 (1.18–2.80) | 0.007 | 1.49 (1.08–2.06) | 0.01 |

Change in weight | 1.48 (1.13–1.95) | 0.005 | 1.04 (0.64–1.70) | 0.9 | 1.79 (1.29–2.50) | 0.0006 |

Model 1 = adjusted for sex, family history of diabetes, and baseline age, current smoking, physical activity, fasting glucose, and hypertension. Model 2 = model 1 + change in fasting insulinemia. Model 3 = model 1 + change in HOMA2-IR.

↵*SDs for the standardization of the odds ratios in all IFG participants, BMI <25 kg/m

^{2}group, and BMI ≥25 kg/m^{2}group were, respectively, 0.78, 0.74, and 0.82 cm/year for change in waist circumference and 0.71, 0.62, and 0.77 kg/year for change in weight.