Table 1

Characteristics of the cohort by sex at baseline (1996–1998) and at follow-up (2007–2008)

MenWomenP value
Baseline
    n223330
    Screen detected type 2 diabetes (%)10.308.50.4659
    BMI (kg/m2)27.6 ± 3.527.9 ± 4.50.4492
    Current smokers (%)18.414.90.2773
    Alcohol use (%)84.370.00.0001
    Physically inactive (%)28.223.70.2432
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.5 ± 7.678.8 ± 7.60.3875
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)141.8 ± 17.7141.5 ± 16.70.8587
    Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.6 ± 0.96.0 ± 0.9<0.001
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.3 ± 0.31.6 ± 0.4<0.001
    LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.7 ± 0.83.8 ± 0.80.0902
    Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.0 ± 0.65.0 ± 0.60.1884
    2-h glucose (mmol/l)6.8 ± 2.17.0 ± 1.70.0173
    A1C (%)5.4 ± 0.45.4 ± 0.40.6721
    Self-reported previous CVD (%)8.55.50.1570
Follow-up (%)
    New CVD diagnosis45.335.80.0245
    All-cause mortality10.807.60.1958
    CVD mortality04.301.90.1101
    Glucose status (%)<0.001
    n168258
    Type 2 diabetes26.219.0
    IGT20.819.4
    IFG16.107.0
    Normal glucose tolerance36.954.6
  • Data are means ± SD or %.