Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study participants (n = 994)

VariablesNewly diagnosed diabetes based on fasting venous glucoseP
YesNo
n45949
Age (years)53 (13)48 (14)0.03
Men (%)20 (44.4)464 (48.9)0.67
Family history of diabetes* (n [%])6 (13.3)91 (9.6)0.41
Hypertension (n [%])13 (29.5)163 (17.2)0.04
History of cardiovascular disease (n [%])2 (4.5%)63 (6.6%)0.99
BMI (kg/m2)23.5 (5)21.8 (4.2)0.01
Waist circumference (cm)84 (11)78 (11)0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio0.90 (0.06)0.87 (0.07)0.02
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)130 (23)123 (20)0.02
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)81 (12)76 (11)0.01
Fasting venous blood glucose (mmol/l)9.2 (3.5)5.2 (0.7)<0.001
Fasting POC blood glucose (mmol/l)8.8 (4.3)5.5 (0.9)<0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.0 (1.1)4.7 (1.2)0.04
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.1 (1)2.9 (0.9)0.13
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.2 (0.2)1.2 (0.3)0.93
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.12 (0.8–1.6)1.11 (0.81–1.6)0.21
Use of lipid-lowering therapy*06 (0.6%)1.0
Use of aspirin*021 (2.2%)0.63
  • Data are reported as mean (SD), number (%), or median (interquartile range).

  • *Self-reported.

  • †Hypertension diagnosis if self-reported prior diagnosis of hypertension from their doctor, self-reported use of prescription medications for hypertension, if they had a systolic blood pressure (based on 2 visits) ≥140 mmHg, or if they had a diastolic blood pressure (based on 2 visits) ≥90 mmHg.

  • ‡Cardiac disease if self-reported prior diagnosis of heart attack, angina, or stroke from their doctor.