Table 1

Baseline characteristics among diabetic patients aged ≥35 years

CharacteristicsChineseSouth AsianWhiteP value
n17,75415,066244,017
Age at diagnosis
    Age (years)59.7 ± 12.856.5 ± 12.361.3 ± 13.1<0.001
    35–49 years4,390 (24.7)4,753 (31.6)50,082 (20.5)<0.001
    50–64 years6,680 (37.6)6,307 (41.9)94,788 (38.8)
    65–79 years5,507 (31.0)3,424 (22.7)76,717 (31.4)
    ≥80 years1,177 (6.6)582 (3.9)22,430 (9.2)
Female sex8,458 (47.6)6,672 (44.3)110,142 (45.1)<0.001
Province: British Columbia14,084 (79.3)9,529 (63.3)143,630 (58.9)<0.001
Socioeconomic quintile
    First quintile (low)4,370 (24.6)3,208 (21.3)56,915 (23.3)<0.001
    Second quintile3,908 (22.0)3,498 (23.2)49,138 (20.1)
    Third quintile2,990 (16.8)3,051 (20.3)46,377 (19.0)
    Fourth quintile2,814 (15.9)2,730 (18.1)42,607 (17.5)
    Fifth quintile (high)3,223 (18.2)2,147 (14.3)38,196 (15.7)
    Unknown449 (2.5)432 (2.9)10,784 (4.4)
Comorbid conditions
    Hypertension7,308 (41.2)5,612 (37.3)99,578 (40.8)<0.001
    Myocardial infarction266 (1.5)473 (3.1)10,152 (4.2)<0.001
    Congestive heart failure444 (2.5)498 (3.3)14,578 (6.0)<0.001
    Peripheral vascular disease245 (1.4)155 (1.0)6,234 (2.6)<0.001
    Cerebrovascular disease447 (2.5)358 (2.4)9,318 (3.8)<0.001
    Dementia121 (0.7)106 (0.7)4,103 (1.7)<0.001
    Chronic pulmonary disease1,394 (7.9)1,794 (11.9)31,032 (12.7)<0.001
    Renal disease324 (1.8)194 (1.3)5,090 (2.1)<0.001
    Cancer593 (3.3)372 (2.5)14,127 (5.8)<0.001
    Oral hypoglycemic agent*4,619 (32.8)3,731 (39.1)52,590 (36.6)<0.001
    Insulin*149 (1.1)130 (1.36)4,092 (2.85)<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).

  • *Medication prescribed within 1 year of diagnosis in British Columbia patients only.