Table 2

Mean values of carotid, femoral, and brachial ultrasound measures: FMD and IMT results and comparisons between groups

H-groupC-groupP value
n2520
Brachial artery measures
    Baseline brachial diameter (mm)4.13 ± 0.763.80 ± 0.74NS
    Maximal FMD (%)6.52 ± 2.928.62 ± 3.13<0.05
Carotid artery measures
    Mean common carotid (cIMT, mm)0.53 ± 0.090.47 ± 0.08<0.05
    Mean carotid bifurcation (mm)0.67 ± 0.180.50 ± 0.07<0.02
    Mean internal carotid (mm)0.58 ± 0.200.45 ± 0.09<0.02
    Mean carotid composite (cIMTcomp, mm)0.59 ± 0.130.47 ± 0.07<0.01
    Subjects with carotid plaques8/250
Femoral artery measures
    Mean common femoral (fIMT, mm)0.51 ± 0.170.39 ± 0.09<0.05
    Subjects with femoral plaques (%)5/250
    Subjects with plaques in any carotid/femoral areas10/250
  • Data are means ± SD.