Table 1

Clinical characteristics on admission, type of surgery, and blood glucose values during treatment

AllSSIBasal-bolus insulinP value
Number of patients211107104NS
Male/female107/10453/5454/50NS
Race (white/black/other)75/117/1940/59/835/58/11NS
Age (years)58 ± 1157 ± 1058 ± 12NS
BMI (kg/m2)31.3 ± 8.032.2 ± 8.530.3 ± 7.4NS
Body weight (kg)90.5 ± 24.193.1 ± 25.687.9 ± 22.2NS
Duration diabetes mellitus (years)6.5 ± 6.36.8 ± 6.36.3 ± 6.2NS
Serum creatinine (mg/dL)0.9 ± 0.30.9 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.3NS
Diabetic treatment on admission
 Diet alone17116NS
 Oral agents1538073NS
 Insulin alone221111NS
 Insulin + oral agents20119NS
Type of surgery
 Cancer764036NS
 Gastrointestinal/genitourinary benign592831NS
 Vascular311516NS
 Trauma382018NS
 Others752NS
BG values
 Admission (mg/dL)190 ± 92184 ± 80197 ± 104NS
 Randomization198 ± 54194 ± 56202 ± 51NS
 Presurgery (mg/dL)178 ± 71181 ± 72174 ± 70NS
 Postsurgery (mg/dL)198 ± 53195 ± 52201 ± 55NS
 After 2nd day of Rx159 ± 42172 ± 46145 ± 32<0.001
BG values after 24-h treatment, % readings
 <140 mg/dL41.9 ± 30.931.2 ± 2852.9 ± 30.1<0.001
 70–140 mg/dL41.6 ± 30.331.7 ± 28.151.8 ± 29.2<0.001
 >180 mg/dL28.1 ± 30.735.3 ± 33.520.5 ± 25.5<0.001